Once you decide that a cardiac arrest has occurred, commence CPR with chest compressions. The purpose of chest compression is to help keep some blood pumping to keep the heart and other organs alive until a defibrillator arrives to try and restart the heart.
Place hands in centre of chest for cardiac compressions
Performing chest compressions
- Kneel by the side of the victim.
- Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the chest / lower half of breastbone.
- Place the heel of your second hand on top of the first.
- Interlock the fingers. Make sure you press only on the breastbone, not the ribs or upper stomach.
- From a vertical position above the chest and with straight arms, press down 5-6cm.
- After each compression, relax the pressure, but maintain contact with the skin. Repeat for 30 compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 beats per minute (roughly 2 per second).
- Compression and release should take equal amounts of time.
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