Assessment of breathing
When assessing the breathing, make sure the airway is open. Allow 10 seconds to decide if the casualty is breathing normally or not.
- Open the airway.
- Look for the chest rising.
- Listen for air being breathed on your face.
- Feel air on your cheek.
Open the airway and LOOK, LISTEN and FEEL for breathing for a maximum of ten seconds
When assessing a casualty for breathing, there are a number of questions to consider:
- Is the casualty breathing via LOOK, LISTEN, FEEL?
- Is the breathing “normal”?
- Is the breathing regular or not?
- Is the breathing fast (>25 bpm) or slow (<10bpm)?
- Are both sides of the chest moving equally?
- Is the casualty pink or blue?
An unconscious casualty with slow irregular breathing should be treated as if a cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation begun immediately.