Assessment of circulation

The first aid assessment of the circulation in an injured Rugby player should be based on the general condition rather than specific parameters. These may include the mechanism of injury (if you saw it), the time since the injury, the colour of the player and how well organs such as the brain, skin and lungs are functioning. For example, are they conscious or confused? Are they breathing rapidly, with no obvious chest injury? Are they pale, cool and clammy? All of which may suggest blood has been lost from the circulation and is not able to sufficiently perfuse the organs of the body.

  1. Assessment of skin (pink and warm, or pale and cool?).
  2. Assessment of function (brain, skin, lungs).
  3. Any obvious external bleeding?
  4. What are they complaining of? Where is the pain?